WHY does Jomolungma have a second name, Everest?

Since the first one was not known to surveyors. In the 19th century, the British were surveying in the Himalayas. They could not get on the territory of Nepal which was closed to foreigners and they measured from India more than 200 kilometers away from the Nepalese peaks.

At that time the highest mountain was Kanchenjunga on the Nepalese-Indian border. In 1852 the Indian mathematician Radhanath Sikdar, on the basis of measurements taken by the British, calculated that the mountain, conventionally called Peak XV, was higher than Kanchenjunga.

It had to be given a name by which it would be recognized in the world. Not knowing the mountain’s Tibetan name (Jomolungma), Andrew Waugh, head of the British India Survey, named the peak after his predecessor in that position, George Everest.

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